The First North Carolina Cavalry

              Stuart's Tarheels         

Regimental History
The 1st North Carolina Cavalry Record
Shortly after the secession of North Carolina form the Union the North Carolina State Legislature authorized the organization of ten regiments to be enlisted for three years or for the duration of the war. Eight of these were regiments were to be infantry, one of Cavalry, and one of artillery. The ninth regiment formed by this act of the legislature was designated the Ninth North Carolina State Troops and later on in time the First North Carolina cavalry. Recruiting for this unit began in mid-May, 1861, and the ten companies of the unit were filled and accepted into service by early June.

“I” Kenansville, Duplin County, 17 June 1861. Moved to Camp Beauregard at Ridgway, Warren County.

The regiment transferred from state service to Confederate service at Asheville, North Carolina in early July, 1861. Order to Camp Beauregard, Ridgeway, Warren County, it continued its training there until August. Like almost all Civil war units the First North Carolina Cavalry was often known by an alternate designation derived from the name of its commanding officer. Four members of the First North Carolina Cavalry were promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General or higher. Robert Ransom, Jr., first commander of the regiment, was promoted to Brigadier-General on March 1, 1862. Transferred to the Infantry, he commanded a brigade under General Longstreet until late in 1862. He was ordered to North Carolina at the time, Ransom was promoted to Major General effective May 26, 1863. Lawrence Simmons Baker commanded the unit until July 23, 1863. Promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General on that date, he was transferred to the infantry and ended his career in North Carolina. James Bryon Gordon commanded the regiment after Baker’s promotion. On September 28, 1863 Gordon was promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General and led his mounted brigade until mid-May, 1864. Gordon died on May 16, 1864, as a result of a wound received while contesting Sheridan’s raid on Richmond during that month. Rufus Barringer and he led his brigade until War’s end. In late summer of 1861 the First North Carolina Cavalry was ordered to Virginia. Except for a brief period in the spring of 1862 when in returned to service in its native state, the unit served attached to the Army of Northern Virginia, the Department of Northern Virginia, and the Department of Norfolk for the rest of its career.

The below list shows the specific higher command assignment of the regiment.

Cavalry, Department of Northern Virginia October 21, 1861
Cavalry, Brigade, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia January 14, 1862
Cavalry, Department of Norfolk February 18, 1862 Fourth Brigade,
Cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia April 19, 1862
Cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia July 22, 1862 First Brigade,
Cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia July 28, 1862 Hampton’s Brigade,
Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia September 20, 1862 First Brigade,
Cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia December 10, 1862 Hampton’s Brigade,
Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia May 25, 1863 Baker’s Brigade, first Division,
Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern September 9, 1863 Virginia Gordon’s Brigade, Hampton’s Division,
Cavalry Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia December 31, 1863 Gordon’s Brigade, W.H.F. Lee’s Division,
Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia May 1, 1864 Barringer’s Brigade, W.H.F. Lee’s Division,
Cavalry Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 31, 1864

To the Last Man for the First NC Cavalry.

Engagement,, at Namizem Church April 5, 1865 At this point in time the Brigade ceases to exist but the 3rdNorth Carolina Cavalry was attached to the Baggage train, that was engaged at Saylor Creek Va , Although the First North Carolina Cavalry were included among the troops surrendered at Appomattox Court House, there were approximately two or three members accounted for and one was the Chaplin. The real end for the 1st North Carolina Cavalry came at the same time the end came for the Carolina Brigade. The Brigade being made up of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 5th North Carolina Cavalry Regiments.)

The Carolina Brigade being ordered to hold a position (Namizian Church) at all cost, by General Fitzhugh Lee, while he and the rest of the Cavalry moved to cross the Appomattox river to provide protection to Army on its movement west. General Rufus Barrengier Commanding the Carolina Brigade had on hand approximately 800 men to face 8000 plus of a union Army Cavalry Division commanded by General Custer. After being charged several times from the front then from the left flank, the defeating factor became clear when the men of the 5th North Carolina who were dismounted started to run out of ammunition. Curriers raced off to find the wagons, but returned reporting the wagons had already move on with the rest of the Cavalry. It was here that the results of this fight looked grimm. The situation was wearing out with time, General Barringer gave the order for a slow withdrawal to gain the horses being held in the rear. It was here that order and control disappeared when a full charge of the union cavalry over ran the whole Brigade. At this time on the 5th of April 1865, the 1st, 2nd & 5th North Carolina Cavalry ceased to exist as a fighting unit, Even with this action the colors of the Regiments were not captured.  The 3rd North Carolina Cavalry made it on to meet their end at Saylor's Creek the next day.  Four days later General Robert E. Lee, surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia. .

The Brave Cavaliers at War for the Tarheel State.
The First North Carolina Cavalry participated in more than one hundred and sixty various type of engagements during its long career. Most of these are identified below. Numbers after the events located them on the maps following the history:
Skirmish, Hunter’s Mills, Va. (1) (detachment) November 10, 1861
Skirmish, Hunter’s Mills, Va. (1) November 26, 1861
Skirmish, Vienna, Va. (2) November 26, 1861
Skirmish, Fairfax Court House, Va. (3) February 7, 1862
Skirmish, Pollacksville, N.C (4) (detachment) May 15-16, 1862
Seven Days Battles June 25- July 1,1862
Battle, Gaines Mill (5), Cold Harbor (6), and Chickahominy (7) Va. June 27, 1862
Skimishes, Bottom’s Bridge, Va. (8) June 28-29, 1862
Engagement, Turkey Bridge (Malvern Cliff), Va. (9) June 30, 1862
Skirmish, White Oak Church, Va. (10) July 1, 1862
Skirmish, Malvern Hill, Va. (11) July 1, 1862
Skirmish, Harrison’s Landing, Va. (12) July 8 & 9 1862
Action against gunboats near Williamston, James river Va. July 9, 1862
Action, Thornburg (Massaponnax Church), Va. (13) (detachment) August 5-6, 1862
Engagement, Malvern Hill, Va. (11) August 6, 1862
Maryland Campaign September 3-19, 1862
Skirmish, Poolesville, Md. (14) September 7&8 1862
Skirmish, Middle town, Md. (15) September 10, 18622
Action, Frederick, Md. (15) September 12, 18662
Skirmish, Cutoctin Mountain, Md. (17) September 13, 1862
Siegie, Harper’s Ferry, Va. (18) September 13&15, 1862
Battle, Antietam, Sharpsburg, Md. September 16&17, 1862
Skirmish, Pleasant Valley, Md. (20) September 18, 1862
Skirmishes, Williamsport, Md. (21) September 19&20 1862
Skirmish, Shepherdstown, Va. (22) October 1, 1862
Action Martinsburg, Va. (23) October 1, 1862
Stuart’s Raid into Pennsylvania and Maryland (detachment) October 8&12, 1862
Action, Chambersburg, Pa. (24) (detachment) October 10, 1862
Skirmish, Mouth of the Monocacy River, Md. (25) (detach) October 12, 1862
Operations in Loudon, Faquier, and Rappahannock Counties October 26 - Virginia (26) November 10, 1862
Action, Barbee’s Cross Roads, Va. (27) November 5, 1862
Picket affair, Hartwood Church, Va. (28) November 28, 1862
Skirmish, Dumfries, Va. 9290 December 12, 1862
Battle, Fredericksburg, Va. (30) (Detachment) December 12&15, 1862
Skirmish, Occoquan Bridge, Va. (31) December 18, 1862
Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church, Va. (32) February 5-7 1862
Engagment, Kelly’s Ford, Va. (33) March 17, 1863
Skirmish, Bealeton Station, Va. March 17, 1863
Gettsburg Campaign June 3 - August 1, 1863
Engagement at Brandy Station (35) Fleetwood Hill) (36) (Beverly Ford) June 9, 1863
Action, Aldie, Va. (37) June 17, 1863
Skirmish, Rockville, Md. (39) June 21, 1863
Action, Hanover, Pa. (40) June 30, 1863
Action, Carlisle, Pa. (41) July 1, 1863 Battle, at Gettysburg, Pa. (42) July 1-3, 1863
Action Hunterstown, Pa. (43) July 3, 1863
Action, Monterey Gap, Pa. July 4, 1863
Skirmish, Fairfield, Pa. (44) July 4 1863
Skirmish, Near Fairfield (44) July 5 1863
Skirmish, Hagerstown, Md. (21) July 6, 1863
Action, Williamsport, Md. (21) July 6 1863
Skirmish, Nenevola (Beaer Church), Md. July 9 1863
Skirmish near Harper’s Ferry, Va. (18) July 14, 1863
Action, Shepherstown, Va. (22) July 15, 1863
Action, Culpeper Court House, Va. (46) September 13, 1863
Action, Raccoon Ford (47) , Rapidan Station (48), Va. September 13-14 1863
Skirmish, Somerville ford, Va. (49) September 14, 1863
Action , Somerville Ford, Va. (49) September 5, 1863
Skirmish, Jack’s Shop, Madison Court House, Va. (50) Spetember 22, 1863
Skirmishes, James City, Va. (51) October 8-10, 1863
Bristoe Campaign (52) October 9-10 1863
 Action, Warrenton (53) (White Sulphur Springs) (54), Va. October 12, 1863
Action, Auburn, Va. (55) October 13, 1863
Skirmish, Oak Hill (58) October 15, 1863
Skirmish, Blackburn’s Ford, Bull Run, Va. (59) October 15, 1863
Skirmish, Haymarket Va. (60) October 15, 1863
Action, Buckland’s Mills, Va. October 15, 1863
Operations against the Advance to the line of the Rappahannock River, Va. November 7-8, 1863
Engagement, Kelly’s Ford, Va. (33) November 7, 1863
Action, Brandy Station, VA. (35) November 8, 1863
Mine Run Campaign (62) November 26 - December 2, 1863
Skirmishes, Raccoon Ford, VA. (47) November 26-27 1863
Engagement, Payne’s Farm, VA (63) November 27 , 1863
Operations against the Demonstration on the Rapidan, VA February 6-7, 1864
Engagement, Morton’s Ford, VA (64) February 6-7, 1864
Operations against Kilpatrick’s Raid from February 28 - Stevensburg (65) to Richamond, VA (66) March 4, 1864
Engagement, Fortifications of Richmond, Broek’s March 1, 1864 Turnpike, Richmond, VA (66)
Skirmish, Hanover Junction, VA. March 1, 1864 Skirmish, Ashland, VA (68) March 1, 1864
Skirmish near Tunstall Station, VA (70) (detachment) March 3, 1864 Wilderness Campaign May 1 - June 12, 1864
Engagement, Todd’s Tavern, VA. (73) May 5-6, 1864
Battle, Wilderness, VA. (72) May 5-7, 1864
Combat, the Furnaces, VA. (73) May 6, 1864
Combat, Alsop’s Farm, Spotsylvania, VA. (74) May 8, 1864
Operations against Sheridan’s Expedition from Tadd’s May 9-24, 1864 Tavern (71) to the James River, VA.
Skirmish, Piney Branch Ford, VA. (75) May 9, 1864
Engagement, North Anna River, VA. (76) May 9, 1864 Action, Davenport Road, VA. (77) May 9, 1864
Skirmishes, Beaver Dam Station, VA. (78) May 9-10 1864
Action, Davenport Ford, North Anna River VA. (77 May 10, 1864
Engagement, Ground Squirrel Church (Ground Squirrel Bridge), South Ann River (80), and Yellow Tavern (81), Near Richmond, VA May 11, 11864
Engagement, Brook’s Church (Richmond Fortifications), VA.(66) May 12 1864
Combat, Mechanicville, VA. (82) May 12, 1864 Combat, Strawberry Hill, VA. (83) May 12, 1864
Engagement, Meadow Bridge, Chickahominy River, VA (84) May 12, 1864
Action, Haxall’s Landing, Va. (85) May 18, 1864
Action, Hanover Court House, VA. (86) May 21, 1864
Operations on the line of the North Anna River, VA. (76) May 22-226, 1864
Combat, Crump’s Creek, VA (89) May 28, 1864 Action, Hanovertown, VA (87) May 29, 1864
Operations on the line of the Totopotomoy River, VA. (90) May 28 - 31 1864
Battles about Cold Harbor, VA (6) June 1-12, 1864
Action, Haw’s Shop, VA (91) June 3, 1864
Skirmish near Via’s House, VA (??) June 3, 1864
Action, Long Bridge, VA. (92) June 12, 1864
Action, Smith’s Store near St. Peter’s Church, VA (93) June 15, 1864
Skirmish, Ream’s Station, VA (94) June 22, 1864
Operations against Wilson’s Expedition against the South June 22- July 2 1864 Side & Danville, R.R. , VA
Action, Nottoway Court House, VA (95) June 23, 1864
Skirmish, Staunton River Bridge, VA (96) June 24, 1864
Action, Staunton River Bridge (Roanoke River), VA (96) June 25, 1864
Skirmishes, Ream’s Station, Va. (94) June 30 - July 3, 1864
Siege Operations against Petersburg and Richmond, VA (97) July 4, 1864 -April 2, 1865
Action, Warwick’s Swamp (98), Lee’s Mills (99), Ream’s Station (94) VA July 1864
Skirmish, Ream’s Station, VA. (94) July 22, 1864
Demonstration on the North Side of the James River and Engagements at Deep Bottom (100) (Strawberry Plains) (102), Fussell’s Mills (104), White’s Tavern (105), Failey’s Creek (06), Deep Run, Charles City Cross Roads (107), New Market Road (103), and Four Mile Run 9108), VA. August 13 - 20 1864
Action Malvern Hill, VA (11) August 14, 1864
Action, Malvern Hill, VA. (11) August 16, 1864
Skirmish, White Oak Swamp, VA (109) August 18, 1864
Action at Fussell’s Mills, Va. (104) August 18 - 19, 1864
Battle, Ream’s Station, VA. (94) August 25, 1864
Skirmish near Richmond, VA (66) August 27, 1864
Affair, Coggin’s P;oint, VA. (110) (detachment) September 16, 1864
Action, Sycamore Church, VA September 16, 1864
Action, Arthur’s Swamp, VA September 30 -October 1, 1864
Engagement, Boydton Plant Road (Hatcher’s Run,) VA (112) October 27,-28, 1864
Operations against the Reconnaissance toward Stony Creek, VA (113) November 7 1864
Expedition to and Skirmish at Stony Creek Station, Va. (113) December 1, 1864
Operations against Warren’s Expedition to Hicksford, VA (114) December 7-12, 1864
Skirmish, Bellefield, VA (115) December 9-10, 1864
Battle, Dabney’s Mills (116), Hatcher’s Run (117), Armstrong’s Mills (118), and Vaughan Road (119), Rowanty Creek (120), VA February 5-7, 1864
Appomattox Campaign March 28 - April 9, 1865
Engagement, Dinwiddle Court House, Va. (121) March 30-31, 1865
Engagement, White Oak Road, VA (122) March 31, 1865
Engagement, Chamberlain Run, VA. (122) March 31-April 1 1865
Battle, Five Forks, VA (123) April 2, 1865 Engagement, Sutherland Station, South Side R.R., VA (124) April 2, 1865
Action, Scott’s Cross Roads, VA (125) April 3, 1865...
GoDaddy.com